Think animation is all about digital tricks? Dominica takes you right back to year zero to introduce you to some traditional techniques still used today by creatives.
Animation is the art of making inanimate objects appear to move. Since the 19th century this art form has developed into a huge industry that – along with film and visual effects (VFX) – supplies the entertainment and design world with products and experiences that can be enjoyed by people worldwide.
What we now see on our screens was originally created around the 1830s by experimenters making new pieces for Victorian parlours and the touring magic-lantern shows. That’s when the principal of ‘persistence of vision’ (when images of the different stages of an action shown in fast succession are perceived as a continuous movement by the human eye) was discovered which led in time to the development of cinema.
But leading up to this era, a range of intriguing analogue devices were invented that illustrated the wonders of animation in its most authentic form. Meet some modern-day creatives that have adopted analogue animation techniques to create unique movies without any cameras involved in the making of their work.
Featured image credit: ‘A horse trotting’. Photogravure after Eadweard Muybridge, 1887. Via Wikimedia Commons.
Ke Xu: Flipbooks
Juan Fontanive: Kinetic Sculptures
Stephen Moir: Phonotropes
Julia Chang: Phototropes
Steven Woloshen: Direct animation
Bona Dona: Thaumatropes
Interested in animation?